Prof. Lampe’s main areas of research are Pauline studies (including Pauline rhetoric), social history of early Christianity (including Rome and Phrygia) and archaeology. He investigates the Hellenistic background of the New Testament and deals with hermeneutical and methodological problems, including his work on constructivism. Early on, he discovered the potential of (social) psychological interpretation for his subject.

Prior to his chair in Heidelberg, he held chairs in Kiel and at Union Theological Seminary (Virginia, USA) from 1987–1999; in 2008 he was awarded an honorary professorship at the Universiteit van die Vrystaat in South Africa. In 2003 he received the ecumenical preaching award of the EKD. Furthermore, an archaeological project under his direction succeeded in rediscovering the main sites of Christian Montanism, Pepouza and Tymion, and since then interdisciplinary research has been conducted on this Phrygian settlement area.

Prof. Lampe’s books include “Die stadtrömischen Christen in den ersten beiden Jahrhunderten: Untersuchungen zur Sozialgeschichte” (also in English; forthcoming in Spanish and Jap. ), “Pepouza and Tymion: The Discovery and Archaeological Exploration of a Lost Ancient City and an Imperial Estate”, “Die Wirklichkeit als Bild”, “New Testament Theology in a Secular World”, “Ad ecclesiae unitatem: Eine exegetisch-theologische und sozialpsychologische Paulusstudie”, “Felsen im Fluss: Schriftworte in provokativer Auslegung zu Themen der Zeit”. He published several hundred articles in specialized publications.

Work Areas:

VI. Theology and archaeology

VII. The cultural power of the Bible and Christian-Jewish dialogue


  • Settlement archaeology in Phrygia
  • Motivations for altruistic behavior in early Christianity and its environment
  • Scripture and image hermeneutics in interreligious dialogue