In research and teaching, Prof. Oeming focuses on the theology and ethics of the Old Testament, biblical archaeology, Christian-Jewish dialogue (for four years he served as prorector of the School of Jewish Studies, Heidelberg), and Christian-Islamic dialogue. He was a guest lecturer in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, among other places.

His publications include the monographs “Gesamtbiblische Theologie der Gegenwart. Das Verhältnis von AT und NT in der hermeneutischen Diskussion seit Gerhard von Rad” (3rd ed. 2000), “Das wahre Israel. Die genealogische Vorhalle 1 Chr 1–9”, “Einführung in die Biblische Hermeneutik” (5th ed. 2020), a complete commentary on the Psalms, Ramat Rahel Excavation Report, “Ahavah – Liebe Gottes im Alten Testament”, “Das Alte Testament im Rahmen der antiken Religionen und Kulturen”, “Grenzen und Entgrenzung. Ethische Orientierung in einer destabilisierten Welt”.

Research Areas:

VI. Archaeology and theology
VII. The cultural power of the Bible and the Christian-Jewish dialogue


  • The Culture-Shaping Power of the Bible: 
    • Reception of biblical traditions in ethics (including diaconics, treatment of strangers, violence in religions)
    • Guilt and forgiveness of guilt
    • The meaning of humor in the Bible and in the church
    • Trauma research and interpretation of Old Testament texts
  • Current archaeological excavation: Lautenschläger-Azekah expedition, at the site where tradition says David struck Goliath; publication of excavations at Ramat Rahel (2004–2010)
  • Theology of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible from Protestant, Catholic and Jewish perspectives
  • The Christian-Islamic dialogue